Cirata Solar Power Plant: Indonesia’s New Hope for Renewable Energy Transition 💡


Nafas Indonesia





English / Indonesia

Indonesia has reached its new renewable energy milestone: Cirata Solar Power Plant 🎉 ! This project was inaugurated on November 9th, 2023 by President Joko Widodo. Along with Masdar, the Abu Dhabi-based, the Indonesian government worked together to build this massive electricity generator. Masdar is a renewable energy company with past projects in waste-to-energy, water desalination, and wind turbines in various countries across Europe, Asia, and Australia.

The Cirata Solar Power Plant is an area that produces electricity using the power of sunlight. It is located in the Cirata Dam, Purwakarta, West Java. This place is named the largest solar power plant in Southeast Asia and third in the world with a capacity of 192 megawatts (MW). Other than being used as a solar power plant, it was also utilized as a water power plant since 1988.

A Closer Road to Green Energy 🛣️

Green energy has always been a part of Indonesia’s long-term plan (RPJPN) and this solar power plant is a concrete way of executing it.

Some astonishing facts about SPP Cirata:

  • The Cirata Solar Power Plant spans through 200 hectares of water, or an equivalent of 280 football fields.
  • For the initial trial, this power generator will light up electricity around Cirata first.
  • This vast dam of solar panels can generate 192 MW of electricity for 50,000 houses in the Java and Bali Islands.
  • On a daily basis, Cirata can produce approximately 768 MWh/day.
  • Cirata will significantly contribute to the Net Zero Emissions (NZE) target by generating approximately 245 Giga Watt hours (GWh) of clean energy annually.

A good start for Indonesia’s electricity power transition!

Super Power to Combat Air Pollution? 

The Cirata Power Plant is predicted to be able to reduce CO2 emissions by 214 tonnes every single year! What a great news for our atmosphere. Let’s hope this new breakthrough from the government can help to improve Indonesia’s air quality.

There are a few possible ways that the Cirata Solar Power Plant can help reduce air contamination in our nation:

  • It acts as an intervention for fossil fuel transition to a greener energy
  • Generating clean power for the everyday lives of Java & Bali citizens
  • Less emission, more improvement for the environment and air quality

Learning to Move Towards Renewable Energy from China

Our neighbor in the Asian region, China, also has an ambitious goal for power transitioning. Compared to Indonesia who has 12,603 MWh capacity of solar renewable energy, China has a capacity of 1.160 million MWh and leads the sustainable power rankings (IRENA, 2023). The country aims to be carbon neutral by 2060, as a continuation of the past promise to limit carbon emissions by 2030. They also commit to put an end to coal projects in other countries, even though the facts are still incomplete (WRI, 2021).

Nevertheless, China still needs coal at the current moment because it is a major source of energy at 49% of capacity. However, the amount of energy generated from the combination of wind and solar power should not be underestimated, as it can fulfill 24% of the country's energy needs. Therefore, more national plans were written to start the down-sizing of coal numbers by mid-decade.

Cirata, Our Stepping Stone to A Sustainable Future 🚶‍♂️

The Cirata Solar Power Plant is more than just a power source; this is a historic milestone in our journey towards a sustainable, environmentally friendly future. We can hope that this new energy can light up not only Java and Bali but also all islands in Indonesia. Let this be a catalyst for change, inspiring us all to be active participants in the journey towards a sustainable and eco-friendly tomorrow. 💚🌍